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Development History

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    ~ 1624 Prior to the Arrival of the Dutch in Taiwan
    Before the Dutch arrived in Taiwan, Alian Township used to be the clustered residential area of the Pingpu Tribe. Even earlier, prehistoric Dagang Mountain people appeared on the east side of Dagang Mountain. According to the human skull and teeth fossil discovered by fossil collector Wang Liang-jie, human activities occurred in the Alian region between 50,000 to 200,000 years ago.
    1624~1683 Dutch and Jheng Era
    In 1624, after the Dutch occupied southern Taiwan, due to its economic concerns, they introduced a large number of Chinese people into Taiwan for land development. In the 1630s, the Dutch even dispatched a ship to Fujian to transport Chinese people to Taiwan. There was even the legend of “Three gold and one ox”, therefore a large number of Chinese people flocked into southern Taiwan. The areas developed by the Chinese were divided into 12 regions. Between 1654 and 1656, the Dutch further increased four areas, in particular the area south of Vaersche R. was in the territory of Alian.
    1683~1895 Cing Dynasty Era
    During year 22 of the Kangsi Era (1683), Taiwan was incorporated into the Cing Dynasty, with one government and three counties established. Alian belonged to the Jiasiangwai Li of Fongshan County.
    1895~1945 Japanese Occupation
    The Japanese occupation era was an important time for temple developments in Dagang Mountain. When the Japanese army occupied Taiwan, they were faced with long term armed resistance. In the initial 20 years, the relationship between ruler and the ruled was tense; in order to reduce the tension, in addition to powerful armed suppression, domestically a softer policy was also adopted via the religion of Buddhism. Despite the introduction of Japanese Buddhism to Taiwan, they eventually all returned to Japan due to difficulties in preaching such religion in Taiwan. On the contrary, domestic Buddhism flourished to form the four major schools. T#FFFF97he Chaofong Temple, which preached mainly the Dagang Mountain school of Buddhism, was also developed during this time.

    National Government Era
    During year 20 of the Showa period (1945), Japan surrendered unconditionally and Taiwan was taken over by the National Government. In 1946 the Kaohsiung County Government was established and Alian Township became one of the townships in Kaohsiung County, with 12 villages including: Alian, Cinglian, Helian, Cingci, Shihan, Lunding, Fongshan, Gangshan, Ganghou, Fuan, Yuku and Jhonglu. In 1978, since Lunding village had less than 200 households, it was incorporated into Ganghou Village and only 11 villages remained. In 1982, since Alian Village had many households, it was further divided into Alian and Nanlian Villages, returning to 12 villages in total.

    After the Recovery, many people from China came to Taiwan with the military, the new inhabitants rarely lived together with local people. However, many of them lived in clusters, forming the isolated residential clusters, sometimes serious nationality conflicts took place. In the Fuan Village of Alian, the Dachen New Village was the cluster of the people from Dachen, currently the village has very few population, with majority of the young people having relocated to elsewhere.

    Alian Township now has a population of 30925, total of 8841 households, during the initial stages of the Recovery (1945), Alian Township only had a population of 11236 and 1804 households. For 62 years, the population has grown significantly, and the village has been developed into a comprehensive mid-sized township.

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